Best of the Week
Most Popular
1. Stock Markets and the History Chart of the End of the World (With Presidential Cycles) - 28th Aug 20
2.Google, Apple, Amazon, Facebook... AI Tech Stocks Buying Levels and Valuations Q3 2020 - 31st Aug 20
3.The Inflation Mega-trend is Going Hyper! - 11th Sep 20
4.Is this the End of Capitalism? - 13th Sep 20
5.What's Driving Gold, Silver and What's Next? - 3rd Sep 20
6.QE4EVER! - 9th Sep 20
7.Gold Price Trend Forecast Analysis - Part1 - 7th Sep 20
8.The Fed May “Cause” The Next Stock Market Crash - 3rd Sep 20
9.Bitcoin Price Crash - You Will be Suprised What Happens Next - 7th Sep 20
10.NVIDIA Stock Price Soars on RTX 3000 Cornering the GPU Market for next 2 years! - 3rd Sep 20
Last 7 days
Pausing Stocks and Gold Fireworks - 21st Apr 21
Precious Metals and Miners Start of New Longer-Term Bullish Trend - P2 - 21st Apr 21
Looking For A Mortgage Broker? Here Is How To Hire One - 21st Apr 21
Amazon AMZN Stock PRIMEDAY SALE! Trend Analysis - 20th Apr 21
Stock Market Sentiment Speaks: You May Not Believe My 2021 Targets - 20th Apr 21
Stock Market Phase Two Projection - 20th Apr 21
Are Precious Metals & Miners Starting A New Longer-Term Bullish Trend? - 20th Apr 21
Inflation: First the Gain, Then the Pain… - 20th Apr 21
8 Stock Market Indicators in 1: Here's the Message of the Panic/Euphoria Model - 19th Apr 21
Gold - You Can Win a Battle, but Still Lose the War - 19th Apr 21
Will Interest Rates Rally Further Push Gold Price Down? - 19th Apr 21
Gold Fireworks Doubt the Official Inflation Story - 19th Apr 21
YuanPay Team Discuss The Process Of Crypto Diversification - 19th Apr 21
Central Banks May Ramp Up Gold Buying - 18th Apr 21
How to Get Rid of Driveway Weeds With Just WATER! 6 Months later NO Weeds, Ultimate Killer! - 18th Apr 21
State of the European Markets - DAX, FTSE, CAC, AEX, SMI, IBEX 35, S&P/MIB, Euro Stoxx 50, RTS - 18th Apr 21
Einvestment Fund: What You Need To Know About Investments - 18th Apr 21
Google Alphabet (GOOG) AI Deep Mind Stock Trend Analysis - 17th Apr 21
Stocks and Bonds Inflationary Slingshot - 17th Apr 21
Best Smartphone Selfie Stick Tripod Review by ATUMTEK Works with Samsung Galaxy and Iphone - 17th Apr 21
How to Give Budgie's First Bath | Easy Budgie Bathing and Water Training with Lettuce - 17th Apr 21
Record-breaking Decrease in New Passenger Vehicle Sale in Europe - 17th Apr 21
US Stocks Climb A “Wall Of Worry” To New Highs - 16th Apr 21
Gold’s Singular Role - 16th Apr 21
See what Anatomy of a Bursting Market Bubble looks like - 16th Apr 21
Many Stock Market Sectors Are Primed For Another Breakout Rally – Are You? - 16th Apr 21
What Skyrocketing US Home Prices Say About Inflation - 16th Apr 21
Still a Bullish Fever in Stocks? - 16th Apr 21
Trying to Buy Coinbase Stock on IPO Day - Institutional Investors Freeze out Retail Investors - 15th Apr 21
Stocks or Gold – Which Is in the Catbird Seat? - 15th Apr 21
Time For A Stock Market Melt-Up - 15th Apr 21
Stocks Bull Market Progression Now Shows Base Metal Strength - 15th Apr 21
AI Tech Stocks Buy Ratings, Levels and Valuations - 14th Apr 21
Easy 10% to 15% Overclock for 5600x, 5900x, 5950x Using AMD Ryzen Master Precision Boost Overdrive - 14th Apr 21
The Current Cannabis Sector Rally Is Pointing To Another Breakout - 14th Apr 21
U.S. Dollar Junk Bond Market The Easiest Money in History - 14th Apr 21
The SPY Is Nearing Resistance @ $410… What Is Next? - 14th Apr 21
The Curious Stock Market Staircase Rally - 14th Apr 21
Stocks are Heating Up - 14th Apr 21
Two Methods in Calculating For R&D Tax Credits - 14th Apr 21
Stock Market Minor Correction Due - 13th Apr 21
How to Feed Budgies Cucumbers - Best Vegetables Feeding for the First Time, Parakeet Care UK - 13th Apr 21
Biggest Inflation Threat in 40 Years Looms over Markets - 13th Apr 21
How to Get Rich with the Pareto Distribution - Tesco Example - 13th Apr 21
Litecoin and Bitcoin-Which Is Better? - 13th Apr 21
The Major Advantages Of Getting Your PhD Online - 12th Apr 21
Covid-19 Pandemic Current State for UK, US, Europe, Brazil Vaccinations vs Lockdown's Third Wave - 12th Apr 21
Why These Stock Market Indicators Should Grab Your Full Attention - 12th Apr 21
Rising Debt Means a Weaker US Dollar - 12th Apr 21
Another Gold Stocks Upleg - 12th Apr 21
AMD The ZEN Tech Stock - 12th Apr 21
Overclockers UK Build Quality - Why Glue Fan to CPU Heat sink Instead of Using Supplied Clips? - 12th Apr 21 -
What are the Key Capabilities You Should Look for in Fleet Management Software? - 12th Apr 21
What Is Bitcoin Gold? - 12th Apr 21
UK Covd-19 FREE Lateral Flow Self Testing Kits How Use for the First Time at Home - 10th Apr 21
NVIDIA Stock ARMED and Dangeorus! - 10th Apr 21
The History of Bitcoin Hard Forks - 10th Apr 21
Gold Mining Stocks: A House Built on Shaky Ground - 9th Apr 21
Stock Market On the Verge of a Pullback - 9th Apr 21
What Is Bitcoin Unlimited? - 9th Apr 21
Most Money Managers Gamble With Your Money - 9th Apr 21
Top 5 Evolving Trends For Mobile Casinos - 9th Apr 21
Top 5 AI Tech Stocks Investing 2021 Analysis - 8th Apr 21
Dow Stock Market Trend Forecast 2021 - Crash or Continuing Bull Run? - 8th Apr 21
Don’t Be Fooled by the Stock Market Rally - 8th Apr 21
Gold and Latin: Twin Pillars of Western Rejuvenation - 8th Apr 21
Stronger US Dollar Reacts To Global Market Concerns – Which ETFs Will Benefit? Part II - 8th Apr 21
You're invited: Spot the Next BIG Move in Oil, Gas, Energy ETFs - 8th Apr 21
Ladies and Gentlemen, Mr US Dollar is Back - 8th Apr 21
Stock Market New S&P 500 Highs or Metals Rising? - 8th Apr 21
Microsoft AI Azure Cloud Computing Driving Tech Giant Profits - 7th Apr 21
Amazon Tech Stock PRIMEDAY SALE- 7th Apr 21
The US has Metals Problem - Lithium, Graphite, Copper, Nickel Supplies - 7th Apr 21
Yes, the Fed Will Cover Biden’s $4 Trillion Deficit - 7th Apr 21
S&P 500 Fireworks and Gold Going Stronger - 7th Apr 21
Stock Market Perceived Vs. Actual Risks: The Key To Success - 7th Apr 21

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

FIRST ACCESS to Nadeem Walayat’s Analysis and Trend Forecasts

How and Where Manganese & Magnesium is Used

Commodities / Metals & Mining Dec 01, 2010 - 03:50 AM GMT

By: Anthony_David

Commodities

Best Financial Markets Analysis ArticleManganese is found in nature as a free element, in combination with iron and many other minerals. The most important industrial use of manganese is as an alloy, predominantly in the steel industry. In fact, there is no comparative substitute for manganese in its primary applications. Pure magnesium, on the other hand, is not found as a free element because of its highly reactive nature. The primary industrial applications of magnesium are as a component of aluminum and zinc alloys, in the removal of sulfur in the iron and steel-manufacturing sector, and in the production of metals such as titanium.


Steel Industry
Almost 85–90% of the global manganese production is utilized in the steel industry, where it is used as a desulfurizing and deoxidizing agent by virtue of its ability to combine with sulfur and its powerful deoxidation capacity. Almost all steel contains some amount of manganese but Hadfield steel, which contains 10–15% of manganese, attains a remarkably high tensile strength and is used to make products such as helmets.

Ferromanganese is added to steel to harden and toughen it without making it brittle, and to increase its abrasion resistance. The alloy is produced by heating a mixture of iron oxide and manganese oxide with carbon (coke and coal), in either a submerged arc furnace or a blast furnace where the carbon acts as a reductant. The reaction produces ferromanganese, which contains a high 76–80% of manganese.

Silicomanganese contains about 65–68% of manganese and significantly lower carbon because of the presence of silicon. When its carbon content is less than 0.1%, it is used as a reducing agent to produce low-carbon ferromanganese. Electrolytic manganese is used in products that require manganese in its pure form. Manganese ore is taken through several treatment processes to obtain manganese of almost 99.9% purity.

In the steel industry, magnesium is added with lime and other fillers to liquid iron in the blast furnace where it combines with oxygen and sulfur and improves the mechanical properties of steel. Magnesium is also used in the production of hafnium, uranium, and titanium, and zirconium.

Aluminum Industry
The aluminum industry is the second largest user of manganese where it is used as an alloying agent. Manganese content of about 1.5% increases the corrosion resistance of aluminum. Aluminum alloys with a manganese content of 0.8–1.5% are used to manufacture beverage cans. Copper too can be strengthened with the addition of manganese.

Magnesium is the lightest known structural metal. It is lighter than aluminum and that makes it invaluable as an alloying element with aluminum. Magnesium is the only metal that can be added to aluminum to harden it without increasing its specific gravity. Magnesium added to aluminum also increases its corrosion resistance.

Dry Cell Batteries
Manganese dioxide is largely used as a depolarizer in dry cell batteries. Although found naturally, manganese dioxide is synthetically produced by the electrolysis of reduced manganese ore. This use of manganese dioxide is on the decline as people are turning to lithium ion batteries.

The electronegative nature of magnesium makes it useful in the manufacture of dry cell batteries. Magnesium also plays a role in the electronic device industry where it is used in the manufacture of mobile phones, cameras, and laptop computers, among others.

Other Uses of Manganese
Manganese oxide is used as a fertilizer supplement as well. The oxide obtained by the reduction of manganese dioxide is used in the fertilizer industry. The oxide is easily assimilated by plants and often used in manganese deficient agricultural lands as well.

Other Critical Uses of Magnesium
Magnesium alloys have a high strength to weight ratio and that makes them very popular in the manufacturing industry, especially in the automotive sector. Leading automobile manufacturers such as BMW, Porsche, the Volkswagen Group and Mitsubishi Motors have been using magnesium in their cars for its lightweight nature that lends itself to great speeds. The aerospace industry is increasingly turning to magnesium too for the same two qualities.

Magnesium alloys are also used to manufacture portable equipment and parts that are subject to frequent changes in position. The excellent machinability of the alloys and their relatively lower cost are other reasons for their popularity.

Magnesium has a very high affinity for oxygen, rendering it the strongest deoxidant available. In a finely divided condition, its affinity for oxygen makes magnesium burn with a bright white light and intense heat. It is because of this property that it is used in flash photography and pyrotechnics.

By Anthony David

http://www.criticalstrategicmetals.com

The mission of the Critical Strategic Metals Web Site

is to serve as a monthly compass for those who take a fundamental view of investment regarding the Molybdenum, Manganese and Magnesium metals markets, are concerned with the emerging critical under-supply of these strategic metals to Western nations and wish to profitability chart their course. Each month we will research and provide, in as short and concise a manner as possible, the most applicable information available on resources that will have the biggest impact on our day to day lives. Click here to sign-up for our FREE monthly report

© 2010 Copyright  Anthony David- All Rights Reserved Disclaimer: The above is a matter of opinion provided for general information purposes only and is not intended as investment advice. Information and analysis above are derived from sources and utilising methods believed to be reliable, but we cannot accept responsibility for any losses you may incur as a result of this analysis. Individuals should consult with their personal financial advisors.


© 2005-2019 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in

6 Critical Money Making Rules