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The Deflationary Consequences of M3 Money Supply

Economics / Money Supply May 27, 2010 - 10:28 AM GMT

By: Andy_Sutton

Economics

Best Financial Markets Analysis ArticleGiven the fact that we sit on the precipice of a holiday weekend, every attempt will be made to keep this short and to the point. M3 growth has collapsed. We had pointed this out several months ago and again more recently amidst a barrage of protest emails that the printing press always wins the battle with the deflationary black hole. To date, the black hole is winning hands down. The reasons are nebulous and complex, but the point is that our broadest monetary aggregate is now shrinking. This does not bode well for our economic prospects moving forward.


True to form, even the mainstream press is starting to take notice, long after the trend has been well established. Ambrose Evans Pritchard dedicated a piece yesterday to the collapse in M3 growth, something that hasn’t been seen in the US since the Great Depression.  Monetarists the world around are frightened about this trend, and with good reason. US interest rates are already essentially zero. The massive monetary and fiscal stimulus has been epic in nature. And all this has still not prevented the actual textbook deflationary trend we now find ourselves in.

"It’s frightening," said Professor Tim Congdon from International Monetary Research. "The plunge in M3 has no precedent since the Great Depression. The dominant reason for this is that regulators across the world are pressing banks to raise capital asset ratios and to shrink their risk assets. This is why the US is not recovering properly," he said.

The major reason for this is that the banking system has severely curtailed its lending activities, which are largely (but not entirely) responsible for the growth in the money supply thanks to the money multiplier. One must ask how this is possible since essentially the banks have the Taxpayer Put in place where the US taxpayer is immediately hooked for any significant failure. For decades we have had an economy that relied on credit for its survival and now, like a drug addict in rehab, that credit is being limited. The result was fairly predictable.

Given the massive debts in our system, there are two obvious choices. First, hyperinflate away the debt. However, that ultimately ends in the destruction of the currency and the end of the current fiat age. Secondly, we could default through deflation/devaluation, and try to, in effect, reset the system much like what happened in the 1930’s. The major difference between then and now is the relative financial position of both the nation and individuals. Both are considerably weakened as we approach this next phase in America’s existence.

I’ve argued for the coordinated default/devaluation outcome for some time now. The collapse of M3 growth is one of the biggest factors on this side of the argument. The second is history. The US already has a rich experience in fiat money, dating back to before Lexington and Concord. We also have a rich history of defaults thanks to the over-issuance of fiat money. Granted, the defaults consisted of ceasing to redeem paper money for specie (Gold/Silver), but a default is a default.

We are clearly out of control in terms of our debts, both internal and external, and don’t seem the least bit concerned about real generational or fiscal reform beyond traditional Washington lip service. The Fed has been largely ineffective at doing anything but fattening bank cash flows by squeezing savers and allowing banks to collect generous margins on the performing consumer loans they do have.  The bailout money sits in bank coffers, withheld from an economy that now depends on loans for its very survival.

Larry Summers, President Barack Obama’s top economic adviser, has asked Congress to "grit its teeth" and approve a fresh fiscal boost of $200bn to keep growth on track. "We are nearly 8m jobs short of normal employment. For millions of Americans the economic emergency grinds on," he said.

I wrote many moons ago that once the parade of stimulus started that it would never end. Summers’ statement is tantamount to admission of the failure of his own Keynesian thinking. He is now acknowledging that in order to ‘grow’, we need stimulus (debt). Every once in a while the truth does come out.

Given these undisputable facts, it is really hard to conjure up a scenario where we can have any type of broad, well-grounded economic recovery. The various economic reports I dissect on a weekly basis bear this out. However, the bottom line as we solemnly observe Memorial Day weekend is M3. Where it goes, so goes America.  Such is the way of things in a fiat money system.

By Andy Sutton
http://www.my2centsonline.com

Andy Sutton holds a MBA with Honors in Economics from Moravian College and is a member of Omicron Delta Epsilon International Honor Society in Economics. His firm, Sutton & Associates, LLC currently provides financial planning services to a growing book of clients using a conservative approach aimed at accumulating high quality, income producing assets while providing protection against a falling dollar. For more information visit www.suttonfinance.net

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Comments

Tom
30 May 10, 19:41
M-3

Hello,

Don't you think part of the fall in M-3 can be attributed to people moving money out of money market accounts to buy assets which are not counted in M-3? M-1 and M-2 are not contracting.

Tom


Casey
09 Jul 10, 07:47
Inflation

Bernake did his PhD dissertation on the Great Depression. He has stated that he believes that deflation is the greatest threat to the US financial system, and he is committed to doing all he can to ensure that it does not happen. Based on this, my prediction is that we will inflate our way out of deflation - and it relatively short order. Yes, this may ultimately lead to undesirable consequences (destruction of our currency), but it appears the path that leadership is pursuing.


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