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I Apologize to David Viniar and Goldman's Lawyers and Call for More Regulation of Goldman Sachs

Stock-Markets / Credit Crisis 2009 Nov 05, 2009 - 02:00 PM GMT

By: Janet_Tavakoli

Stock-Markets

I apologize to Goldman Sachs’ CFO David Viniar. He did not lie when he said that Goldman’s direct credit exposure with AIG was hedged in the event AIG collapsed. He only addressed direct AIG credit risk.1 On September 16, 2008, he may merely have been unimaginative about risk to Goldman as a result of AIG’s potential bankruptcy partly brought on by stress created by billions in collateral payments already made—and the billions in additional collateral owed—to Goldman Sachs (and other CDS counterparties). Systemic risk is a matter of public interest. Viniar apparently did not intentionally give the impression that Goldman was disinterested when it came to AIG’s bailout.


I apologize to Goldman’s lawyers, too, since the Goldman spokesman who called me mentioned them at the start of our conversation.

Goldman’s spokesman said that Goldman bought protection from AIG on underlying super senior CDO risk. I pointed out that if the underlying super senior CDO were backed by BBB-rated assets like those of GSAMP Trust 2006-S3, it would be worth zero. The underlying so-called super senior CDO appeared very risky instead of “super safe,” since Goldman extracted billions from AIG before and after the bailout. Trades like these contributed to systemic risk posed by AIG’s shaky situation. The spokesman initially claimed Goldman could not have been aware of AIG’s other positions, until I pointed out that my own early concerns about AIG were based on information available to Goldman.

As for the separate issue of Goldman’s mortgage securitizations, when I expressed my view that securitization professionals knew or should have known that deals like GSAMP Trust 2006-S3 were overrated and overpriced, Goldman’s spokesman claimed it was a “minority” opinion, and that the “majority” had a different opinion of the risk at the time. But I maintain the risks were discoverable in the course of competent due diligence, and “disclosures” did not include the fact that ratings were misleading and did not reflect the risk.

As for my opinion, it has been proven correct. It is in the public interest not to rely on Goldman’s opinion, if it counts itself with what it calls the “majority.”

Goldman needs competent regulation and more of it. Among other things, Goldman’s credit derivatives should be cleared on the exchanges. Citadel’s CEO Kenneth Griffin commented recently in the Financial Times that Lehman’s collapse caused little disruption in the exchange traded markets. But unregulated credit default swaps and non-cleared interest rate swaps “triggered chaos in the market.” I join Mr. Griffin in saying “regulators must implement central clearing and put the integrity of the capital markets ahead of the profits of a self-interested few.”

1 On September 16, 2008, Viniar did not mention the amount of Goldman’s gross exposure, or the amount of collateral it had already been paid by AIG, nor did he mention the dollar amount of collateral Goldman had received from hedge counterparties for credit default swaps on AIG. Goldman’s spokesman said the hedge was perhaps (Goldman’s spokesman was unable to confirm—the numbers weren’t to hand—if Goldman was covered for the full notional amount) fully cash collateralized by billions in payments from Goldman’s other hedge counterparties. In my Nov 2 commentary, I acknowledged that Goldman was apparently overhedged for an AIG collapse. Apparently David Viniar did not consider a scenario (or considered it very remote) where AIG and the Fed might settle with Goldman for a partial payment, and Goldman’s counterparties might wage a dispute for a return of their collateral. He also may not have imagined a scenario where U.S. taxpayers might be entitled to a claw back bailout payments made to Goldman.

By Janet Tavakoli

web site: www.tavakolistructuredfinance.com

Janet Tavakoli is the president of Tavakoli Structured Finance, a Chicago-based firm that provides consulting to financial institutions and institutional investors. Ms. Tavakoli has more than 20 years of experience in senior investment banking positions, trading, structuring and marketing structured financial products. She is a former adjunct associate professor of derivatives at the University of Chicago's Graduate School of Business. Author of: Credit Derivatives & Synthetic Structures (1998, 2001), Collateralized Debt Obligations & Structured Finance (2003), Structured Finance & Collateralized Debt Obligations (John Wiley & Sons, September 2008). Tavakoli’s book on the causes of the global financial meltdown and how to fix it is: Dear Mr. Buffett: What an Investor Learns 1,269 Miles from Wall Street (Wiley, 2009).

© 2009 Copyright Janet Tavakoli- All Rights Reserved
Disclaimer: The above is a matter of opinion provided for general information purposes only and is not intended as investment advice. Information and analysis above are derived from sources and utilising methods believed to be reliable, but we cannot accept responsibility for any losses you may incur as a result of this analysis. Individuals should consult with their personal financial advisors.


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