Best of the Week
Most Popular
1. Market Decline Will Lead To Pension Collapse, USD Devaluation, And NWO - Raymond_Matison
2.Uber’s Nightmare Has Just Started - Stephen_McBride
3.Stock Market Crash Black Swan Event Set Up Sept 12th? - Brad_Gudgeon
4.GDow Stock Market Trend Forecast Update - Nadeem_Walayat
5.Gold Significant Correction Has Started - Clive_Maund
6.British Pound GBP vs Brexit Chaos Timeline - Nadeem_Walayat
7.Cameco Crash, Uranium Sector Won’t Catch a break - Richard_Mills
8.Recession 2020 Forecast : The New Risks & New Profits Of A Grand Experiment - Dan_Amerman
9.Gold When Global Insanity Prevails - Michael Ballanger
10.UK General Election Forecast 2019 - Betting Market Odds - Nadeem_Walayat
Last 7 days
Canadian Cannabis Stocks CRASH as Canopy Growth Hits a Dead End - 14th Dec 19
Retail Sector Isn’t Dead, and These 6% Dividend Paying Stocks Prove It - 14th Dec 19
Top 5 Ways to Add Value to Your Home - 14th Dec 19
Beware Gold Stocks Downside - 13th Dec 19
Fed Says No Interest Rate Hikes In 2020. What About Gold? - 13th Dec 19
The ABC’s of Fiat Money - 13th Dec 19
Why Jo Swinson and the Lib Dems LOST Seats General Election 2019 - Sheffiled Hallam Result - 13th Dec 19
UK General Election 2019 BBC Exit Poll Forecast Accuracy Analysis - 12th Dec 19
Technical Analysis Update: Tadawul All Share Index (TASI) - Saudi Arabia ETF (KSA) - 12th Dec 19
Silver Miners Pinpoint the Precious Metals’ Outlook - 12th Dec 19
How Google Has Become the Worlds Biggest Travel Company - 12th Dec 19
UK Election Seats Forecasts - Tories 326, Labour 241, SNP 40, Lib Dems 17 - 12th Dec 19
UK General Election 2019 Final Seats Per Party Forecast - 12th Dec 19
What UK CPI, RPI INFLATION Forecasts for General Election Result 2019 - 11th Dec 19
Gold ETF Holdings Surge… But Do They Actually Hold Gold? - 11th Dec 19
Gold, Silver Reversals, Lower Prices and Our Precious Profits - 11th Dec 19
Opinion Pollsters, YouGov MRP General Election 2019 Result Seats Forecast - 11th Dec 19
UK General Election Tory and Labour Marginal Seats Analysis, Implied Forecast 2019 - 11th Dec 19
UK General Election 2019 - Tory Seats Forecast Based on GDP Growth - 11th Dec 19
YouGov's MRP Poll Final Tory Seats Forecast Revised Down From 359 to 338, Possibly Lower? - 10th Dec 19
What UK Economy (Average Earnings) Predicts for General Election Results 2019 - 10th Dec 19
Labour vs Tory Manifesto's UK General Election Parliamentary Seats Forecast 2019 - 10th Dec 19
Lumber is about to rally and how to play it with this ETF - 10th Dec 19
Social Mood and Leaders Impact on General Election Forecast 2019 - 9th Dec 19
Long-term Potential for Gold Remains Strong! - 9th Dec 19
Stock and Financial Markets Review - 9th Dec 19
Labour / Tory Manifesto's Impact on UK General Election Seats Forecast 2019 - 9th Dec 19
Tory Seats Forecast 2019 General Election Based on UK House Prices Momentum Analysis - 9th Dec 19
Top Tory Marginal Seats at Risk of Loss to Labour and Lib Dems - Election 2019 - 9th Dec 19
UK House Prices Momentum Tory Seats Forecast General Election 2019 - 8th Dec 19
Why Labour is Set to Lose Sheffield Seats at General Election 2019 - 8th Dec 19
Gold and Silver Opportunity Here Is As Good As It Gets - 8th Dec 19
High Yield Bond and Transports Signal Gold Buy Signal - 8th Dec 19
Gold & Silver Stocks Belie CoT Caution - 8th Dec 19
Will Labour Government Spending Bankrupt Britain? UK Debt and Deficits - 7th Dec 19
Lib Dem Fake Tory Election Leaflets - Sheffield Hallam General Election 2019 - 7th Dec 19
You Should Be Buying Gold Stocks Now - 6th Dec 19
The End of Apple Has Begun - 6th Dec 19
How Much Crude Oil Do You Unknowingly Eat? - 6th Dec 19
Labour vs Tory Manifesto Voter Bribes Impact on UK General Election Forecast - 6th Dec 19
Gold Price Forecast – Has the Recovery Finished? - 6th Dec 19
Precious Metals Ratio Charts - 6th Dec 19
Climate Emergency vs Labour Tree Felling Councils Reality - Sheffield General Election 2019 - 6th Dec 19
What Fake UK Unemployment Statistics Predict for General Election Result 2019 - 6th Dec 19

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

UK General Election Forecast 2019

Investing in Gold - A short history of Monetary Mistrust

Commodities / Money Supply Mar 25, 2007 - 02:16 PM GMT

By: Adrian_Ash

Commodities What does it take to stop people hoarding gold instead of cash...?

16th SEPT. 1992 – and led by the chancellor in London, Norman Lamont, the Bank of England raised its lending rates from 10% to 12%.

This was the largest hike in 8 years. But the Bank also promised a further increase to 15% later that same day.

Why the sudden urgency? The Old Lady was desperate to defend the Pound Sterling.

Somebody had to.


Speculators across the world, most notably the multi-billionaire George Soros – former partner of Jim Rogers in the Quantum Fund – had got it into their heads that Europe's exchange rate mechanism (ERM) was about to collapse, demolished by the British Pound's weak fundamentals. The "hot money" was selling Italian Lira for the same reason, too.

A precursor to the Euro currency, the ERM had set "trading bands" for Western Europe's currencies. Each central bank was charged with defending these limits, easing volatility on the currency markets before Europe joined together to launch a pan-continental monetary unit.

Ever the Euro-skeptic, however, Britain was lagging the Franco-German vision of a united Europe. Three years into a house-price collapse, Britain had slipped into a recession that put more than a million people out of work. That meant that Sterling now looked horribly over-valued inside its trading band.

Or so the speculators thought. And the speculators were right, as it turned out. By the close of trade on that autumn day in 1992, the United Kingdom had abandoned the ERM. It had also spent the equivalent of $1.6 billion, trying to prop up the Pound.

George Soros, on the other hand, was $1 billion richer. And Sterling interest rates were cut back to 10.5% the very next day.

Two years later, higher interest rates failed to defend the Mexican Peso. The government in D.F. had squandered more than 80% of its foreign reserves in 1994 trying to prop up the currency. Its devaluation in December scared foreign investors so badly, they deserted Mexican bond auctions despite interest rates topping 40%.

Yet again, the markets were right and the government was wrong. The Mexican Peso had already lost half its value against the US Dollar in just 12 months. Over the next five years, it halved again.

This same mistrust of money at any price also whacked the US Dollar in the early 1930s...even as deflation hit and the value of money seemed to be rising.

The Great Depression led American citizens to hoard gold before cash. "During 1932 the US Federal Reserve raised its discount rate to defend the Dollar," as Sam Hewitt noted for Sun Valley Gold in a paper 10 years ago. But fearing an imminent devaluation of the Dollar, "the American public continued to hoard non-interest bearing gold."

The American public was right to fear devaluation – just as the Sterling raiders and foreign investors fleeing the Peso were right to mistrust rising interest rates, too.

In the end, it took the Presidential executive order of 5th April 1933 to force US citizens back into the Dollar. President Roosevelt made gold ownership illegal, punishable by $10,000 fines and/or imprisonment.

He also devalued the Dollar by 40% at a stroke.

Fast forward to March 2007. Investors, householders, businesses and government right across the developed world now refuse to hold cash. They'd rather spend it, gear it up for investment, lend it out or swap it for financial assets – any financial assets – rather than hoard it.

But no one's refusing to accept money in payment, not yet. So the issue of what it would take to restore confidence in official currency – including the US Dollar...Sterling...Euros...Pesos and all the rest – looks purely academic. Today's disdain for paper currency remains a long way from loathing.

Right?

"Gold is a depletable resource," wrote David Ranson of H.C.Wainwright & Co. for a World Gold Council research paper in 2005, "and large discoveries are becoming increasingly rare. Thus gold's purchasing power will remain stable, and its role as a measuring rod will become still more secure."

Ranson's study found that changes in the price of gold bear a 0.50 correlation with consumer-price inflation 12 months down the road. Oil prices, on the other hand, have only a 0.23 correlation with the cost of living one year later. That conclusion might be at odds with the received wisdom of CNBC and Bloomberg pundits. But rather than gold acting as "an inflation hedge", the metal in fact gives us a lead indicator of inflation in the cost of living.

Put it another way, and that means gold signals the forthcoming devaluation of paper money.

"Inflation is a monetary phenomenon," Ranson went on, "by which we mean it is governed by the purchasing power of a currency in terms of 'hard money' benchmarks. How to tell whether government actions are combating or accommodating inflation? Watch gold, not oil."

The US Fed once knew this, too. It might still do today according to the debate that rages over illegal manipulation of the gold price in the open market. But under Paul Volcker, the famously tall chairman from 1979-87, the Fed clearly saw gold as barometer of inflationary expectations.

At one policy meeting in late '79, the Fed committee noted that "speculative activity" in the gold market was spilling over into other commodity markets. An official at the US Treasury called the gold rush "a symptom of growing concern about world-wide inflation."

"There was a kind of great speculative pressure," said Volcker in a PBS interview of Sept. 2000. "We had to deal with inflation."

"It was the years when everybody wanted to buy collectibles from New York. The market was booming, and other markets of real things were booming – because people had got the feeling that things were inflating and there was no way you could stop it."

Volcker hit on one way of stopping inflationary expectations, however. He took US interest rates to 19% and stopped the great gold speculation dead in its tracks.

His strong medicine also took real US interest rates – above and beyond increases in the cost of living – to more than 9%. That destroyed long-dated bond prices, but no one wanted them anyway anymore. Treasury bonds had become known as "certificates of confiscation". Only high real returns, guaranteed by the US government, could entice fresh finance via the bond market once again.

So far, no one's prescribing the same kind of strong medicine for paper money today. But how might this slow-motion destruction of confidence in government-issued currency be resolved in the long run?

It might take more than a few 0.25% hikes in interest rates. But if Washington were to make owning gold illegal once again – just as it did to defend the Dollar in 1933 – at least US investors now have the option of hoarding physical gold offshore...beyond the reach of their government's caprice and diktat.

You can learn more – and claim a free gram of gold, vaulted in Zurich on your behalf right now – by visiting BullionVault.com...

By Adrian Ash

Adrian Ash is head of research at BullionVault.com , the fastest growing gold bullion service online. Formerly head of editorial at Fleet Street Publications Ltd – the UK's leading publishers of investment advice for private investors – he is also City correspondent for The Daily Reckoning in London, and a regular contributor to MoneyWeek magazine.


© 2005-2019 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in

6 Critical Money Making Rules