Best of the Week
Most Popular
1. US Housing Market House Prices Bull Market Trend Current State - Nadeem_Walayat
2.Gold and Silver End of Week Technical, CoT and Fundamental Status - Gary_Tanashian
3.Stock Market Dow Trend Forecast - April Update - Nadeem_Walayat
4.When Will the Stock Market’s Rally Stop? - Troy_Bombardia
5.Russia and China Intend to Drain the West of Its Gold - MoneyMetals
6.BAIDU (BIDU) - Top 10 Artificial Intelligence Stocks Investing To Profit from AI Mega-trend - Nadeem_Walayat
7.Stop Feeding the Chinese Empire - ‘Belt and Road’ Trojan Horse - Richard_Mills
8.Stock Market US China Trade War Panic! Trend Forecast May 2019 Update - Nadeem_Walayat
9.US China Trade Impasse Threatens US Lithium, Rare Earth Imports - Richard_Mills
10.How to Invest in AI Stocks to Profit from the Machine Intelligence Mega-trend - Nadeem_Walayat
Last 7 days
US Dollar Gold Trend Analysis - 15th June 19
Gold Stocks “Launch” is in Line With Fundamentals - 15th June 19
The Rise of Silver and Major Economic Decline - 15th June 19
Fire Insurance Claims: What Are the Things a Fire Claim Adjuster Does? - 15th June 19
How To Find A Trustworthy Casino? - 15th June 19
Boris Johnson Vs Michael Gove Tory Leadership Grudge Match - Video - 14th June 19
Gold and Silver, Precious Metals: T-Minus 3 Seconds To Liftoff! - 14th June 19
Silver Investing Trend Analysis - Video - 14th June 19
The American Dream Is Alive and Well - in China - 14th June 19
Keeping the Online Gaming Industry in Line - 14th June 19
How Acquisitions Affect Global Stocks - 14th June 19
Please Don’t Buy the Dip in Nvidia or Other Chip Stocks - 14th June 19
A Big Thing in Investor Education is Explainer Videos - 14th June 19
IRAN - The Next American War - 13th June 19
Boris Johnson Vs Michael Gove Tory Leadership Grudge Match Contest - 13th June 19
Top Best VPN Services You Can Choose For Your iPhone - 13th June 19
Tory Leadership Contest Betting Markets Forecast - Betfair - 13th June 19
US Stock Market Setting Up A Pennant Formation - 13th June 19
Which Stocks Will Lead The Cannabis Rebound? - 13th June 19
The Privatization of US Indo-Pacific Vision - Project 2049, Armitage, Budget Ploys and Taiwan Nexus - 12th June 19
Gold Price Breaks to the Upside - 12th June 19
Top Publicly Traded Casino Company Stocks for 2019 - 12th June 19
Silver Investing Trend Analysis - 12th June 19
Why Blue-Chip Dividend Stocks Aren’t as Safe as You Think - 12th June 19
Technical Analysis Shows Aug/Sept Stock Market Top Pattern Should Form - 12th June 19
FTSE 100: A Top European Index - 12th June 19
Gold Surprise! - 11th June 19
How Forex Indicators are Getting Even More Attention in the Market? - 11th June 19
Stock Market Storm Clouds on the Horizon - 11th June 19
Is Your Financial Security Based On A Double Aberration? - 11th June 19
What If Stocks Are Wrong About Interest Rate Cuts? - 11th June 19
US House Prices Yield Curve, Debt, QE4EVER! - 11th June 19
Natural Gas Moves Into Basing Zone - 11th June 19
U.S. Dollar Stall is Good for Commodities - 11th June 19
Fed Running Out of Time and Conventional Weapons - 11th June 19
Trade Wars Propelling Stock Markets to New Highs - 11th June 19
Best Travel Bags for Summer Holidays 2019, Back Sling packs, water proof, money belt, tactical - 11th June 19
Betting on Next British Prime Minister Tory Leadership Betfair Markets Forecast - 10th June 19
How Can Stock Market Go Up When We’re Headed Towards a Recession? - 10th June 19
If You Invest in Dividend Stocks, Do This to Double Your Returns - 10th June 19
Reasons for the Success of the Dating Market - 10th June 19
Gold Price Trend Analysis - Video - 10th June 19
US Stock Markets Rally Hard – Could Another Big Upside Leg Begin? - 10th June 19
Stock Market Huge Cosmic Cluster Ahead: Buckle Up! - 10th June 19
Stock Market Higher To Go? - 10th June 19
The Gold Price Golden Neckline… - 10th June 19
Gold Price Seasonal Trend Analysis - 9th June 19
The Fed Stops Pretending - 9th June 19
Fed Rate Cuts Soon; Bitcoin Enthusiasts Join Wall Street in Bashing Gold - 9th June 19
1990s vs. 2010s - Which Expansion Will be Better for Gold? - 9th June 19
Gold Price Trend Analysis, MACD, Trend Channels, Support / Resistance - 8th June 19
Gold Surges Near Breakout - 8th June 19
Could Gold Rally Above $3750 Before December 2019? - 8th June 19
5 Big Lies About Precious Metals Investing Exposed - 8th June 19
ADL Predictive Modeling Suggests A Big Move In Silver - 7th June 19
US China Trade War Will Start a Recession, or Worse… - 7th June 19
Land Rover Discovery Sport Brake Pads Expected Life, Worn Pads Dash Warning - 7th June 19
The Post Room Selfies Fun at Meadowhall Sheffield, From Game of Thrones to Desert Island... - 7th June 19
SAMSUNG - South Korean Electronics Giant - Investing in AI Stocks - Video - 7th June 19
Gold Price Rally or New Bull Market? - 7th June 19
Digging into the Rising Gold: Trade Tensions, Recessionary Worries and Dovish Fed - 7th June 19
The Risky Stocks Big Lie That Keeps Many Investors Poor - 7th June 19
Gold and HUI Short-term Strength Is a Strong Call to Action - 7th June 19
Fear Drives Stock Market Expectations - 7th June 19 - Chris_Vermeulen
Next British Prime Minister Tory Leadership Betting Markets - 6th June 19

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

Gold Price Trend Forecast Summer 2019

How to Forecast Stock and Commodity Asset Prices Part2

Commodities / Inflation Jun 17, 2009 - 01:25 PM GMT

By: Adrian_Ash

Commodities

Best Financial Markets Analysis ArticlePick a Number...Any Number, "We didn't abandon the money-supply aggregates. They abandoned us..."

TIME WAS that central banks targeted and fretted about keeping their currency stable against the Dollar.


But as the Dollar-led inflation of 1950-1980 destroyed the value of bonds and savings worldwide – and then destroyed equities, as well as any sober hope of business and hiring plans – policy-makers tried to target instead the volume of cash flowing around their domestic economy.

Monetarism in turn fell apart as first the mid-80s "super Dollar" and then globalized deregulation of finance pulled the various "M" aggregates down, up and finally out of the window. "We didn't abandon the aggregates," says one practitioner in Steven Solomon's 1995 book The Confidence Game; "they abandoned us."

Central banks already had a new hope at hand, however. But now that theory – inflation targeting – is falling apart after almost 20 years of apparent success. And so the monetarists are back, in practice if not in policy statements.

What else do you think "quantitative easing" aims to achieve if not easier quantities of cash flowing from banks to business and households? And how can inflation targeting – whether explicit as in the UK, or generally guessed to be the chief aim, as in the United States – possibly survive this crisis given the failure of policy-makers to either hit target or reduce volatility?

It's not simply the impact of monetary policy on consumer inflation which has gone "off message" in 2009.

Extending their remit – and now hoping also to control longer-term interest rates as well as overnight money rates in the "open" market – central banks are signally failing to cap either the yield or volatility of long-term government bonds. The 10-year US Treasury bond, formerly the financial world's modern "Gold Standard" equivalent – has never offered such wide-swinging returns.

Most disastrous for policy wonks pulling this lever and pushing that button, you have to go back to the Great Depression – when central banks still nailed exchange rates and the volume of money to a tightly supplied quantum of Gold Bullion bars – to find uncertainty about quite where the cost of living will stand running this great, this fast. The month-on-month rate of change in US consumer prices has been three times as vicious since December as the CPI's previous six-decade average. Here in the UK, consumer-price inflation has now overshot the official 2.0% target for 20 months running, even as the previous measure of living expenses – the Retail Price Index – has sunk below zero.

"We didn't abandon the inflation target," the Bank of England will no doubt declare. "It abandoned us..."

Thing is – and as with any social experiment, such as the London Gold Pool's attempt to cap the price of gold in Dollars at $35 an ounce, finally abandoned in March 1968 – trying to observe as well as influence the "out-turn" of inflation means neither task is done very well, if at all.

Promising to buy and sell gold in the "open" market at a fixed price lower than private traders would bid, the Gold Pool only invited fresh pressure on their fast-shrinking stockpiles. Defending that $35 price – itself arbitrarily set by President Roosevelt at a series of jovial breakfast meetings three decades before – showed the absurdity of any particular fixed value for gold in a world awash with money.

Now in 2009, and slashing rates towards zero to try and force savers out of cash and boost new mortgage debt, the Bank of England has itself caused those sub-zero readings on the Retail Price data – the very opposite of what it set out to do. Because those numbers include mortgage-interest payments each month. Whereas the Bank's mandated target of 2.0% is pegged against the mortgage-less Consumer Price index. And on the logic of that measure alone, not least with oil prices about to start pushing higher on the year-on-year figure as the spike of July '08 fades from the series, interest rates should in fact now stand higher, rather than encouraging yet further hikes in the cost of living.

What to do? At this pace, we'll all join the Swiss in quietly setting targets for foreign exchange rates and ranges, hoping to side-step deflation at the expense of our neighbors' overseas exports. Already in March this year, the Bank of England's Spencer Dale cheered the fact that "the marked depreciation in Sterling should support demand, both at home and abroad, for domestically produced output." But that exchange-rate gain was swiftly undone as the Pound then raced back towards $1.65 to the Dollar, knocking 18% off the Gold Price in Sterling and widening the UK's trade deficit to £7.0bn in April from March's eight-year low of £6.5bn.

How to escape this policy nightmare? Besides yet more volatility, we guess here at BullionVault that only one thing is certain. Central bankers scrabbling around for a new "Hey! This might work" policy to square the circle of full employment with low, stable inflation are guaranteed not to apply a fixed limit on the absolute volume of cash, as set by some implicit if not official Gold Standard.

Sure, if policy-makers, politicians and the rest of us would only abandon the hope of costless inflation, then yes – a Gold Standard might well appeal. But the promise of above-average wealth for everyone makes yawning debt a necessity, and that makes a commodity-linked supply of money untenable. And anyone who tells you otherwise needs to review not only the one policy lesson taken away by every economic advisor who's studied the Great Depression, but also how unstable the "stability" of precious-metal standards proved in practice beforehand.

Digging deep in the archives three decades ago, Professor Roy W.Jastram of the University of California at Berkeley found that – while relatively constant across broad sweeps of history – holding gold even amid a Gold Standard didn't do much to smooth short-term volatility in prices.

As the table above shows, taken from Jastram's analysis of "the English experience" across 366 years, neither silver or gold overcame shorter-term shocks to the cost of living, typically driven upwards by war. Indeed, the post-Gold Standard inflation of the 20th century proved the only exception. Precious metals rose ahead of the cost of living, gaining real value as the value of money diminished and commodities leapt. Whereas until the end of first the Silver, then bi-metallic and finally Gold Standard in the mid-1930s, it was deflation which boosted the real purchasing power of precious metals – then, unlike now, hard cash you could take to the shops and exchange at the bank.

Quite what this means for central bankers now seeking the next number to chase in their monthly meetings, we neither know nor care. But for private investors seeking a little stability in their own savings and wealth, the one certainty remains vicious, violent changes in value, no matter what digit on what metric is chosen.

By Adrian Ash
BullionVault.com

Gold price chart, no delay | Free Report: 5 Myths of the Gold Market
City correspondent for The Daily Reckoning in London and a regular contributor to MoneyWeek magazine, Adrian Ash is the editor of Gold News and head of research at www.BullionVault.com , giving you direct access to investment gold, vaulted in Zurich , on $3 spreads and 0.8% dealing fees.

(c) BullionVault 2009

Please Note: This article is to inform your thinking, not lead it. Only you can decide the best place for your money, and any decision you make will put your money at risk. Information or data included here may have already been overtaken by events – and must be verified elsewhere – should you choose to act on it.

Adrian Ash Archive

© 2005-2019 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in

6 Critical Money Making Rules